The journal publishes high quality articles especially in the science and technology of biocatalysis, bioprocesses, agricultural biotechnology, biomedical biotechnology, and, if appropriate, from other related areas of biotechnology. Countries with strong innovation systems (technology producers) often favor strong IP protection because it stimulates innovation by granting innovators temporary market exclusivity for their new, non-obvious, and useful inventions. Sustaining this plant biotechnology revolution requires long-term commitment to both public and private sector research and development (R&D). Not considered a form of genetic engineering, mutagenesis breeding involves the introduction of random mutations to plant cuttings using chemical or irradiation mutagenesis. Even though this narrative proved to be wrong on almost all accounts from a scientific and empirical research point of view, it shaped public perception had a major impact on regulation of GMOs in Europe and other countries. Private enterprises contribute roughly one-third of global agricultural R&D expenditures, whereas public research institutions make up the other two-thirds, which is evenly split between developed and developing countries (Pardey and Beintema, 2001). A well-known example of a transgenic plant is Golden Rice, which expresses β-carotene and was created philanthropically with the intent of alleviating vitamin A deficiency (VAD) in developing countries. Agricultural biotechnology is a collection of scientific techniques used to improve plants, animals and microorganisms. Insects which are susceptible for this toxin ingest the transgenic crop cultivar expressing the precursor Bt protein, which binds to the insect gut wall and becomes activated in that alkaline environment. In this chapter, we review the major types of IP in agricultural biotechnology, each having different rights and requirements for their protection, including: Plant breeder's rights; plant variety protection (PVP); plant patents; utility patents; gene patenting; material transfer agreements (MTAs); trademarks; trade secrets; know-how; and geographical designations of origin. Figure 1. Transgenic, or genetically modified (GM) crops, have been commercially available in the United States since 1996. The winning journalists for 2018, 2019 and 2020 recognized by OFAB at the ceremony held on Nov.20 at Golf Course Hotel in Kampala. As funding for public sector science is reduced and scientists are told to look for near market funding, applied science will increasingly be under the control of businessmen who are likely to give support to products that the affluent can buy.9 This is of course counter productive for using agricultural biotechnology to solve problems in developing countries. Based on an structure and characteristics of DNA, scientists have developed solutions to increase agricultural productivity. Used efficiently, after appropriate risk assessment and with effective and enforced regulation, biotechnology has enormous potential to improve the quality of life and to enhance our capacity to conserve and protect the environment. If you have previously obtained access with your personal account, please log in. One last comment on the issue of ethics: millions of diabetic people around the world consume insulin, which is exclusively produced now by recombinant DNA technologies. In this special issue, 12 articles (ten review articles and two original articles) were invited among 18 presentations at the AASSA-KAST Regional Workshop. Access options Buy single article. The current food system requires a global response to supply issues integrated in information, trade, and technology affected with rising population and more land utilization; thus, there is a need to increase food productivity in a sustainable manner, flexible to handle exigencies with better water and soil management. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780124047303000117, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128121603000118, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128193044000142, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780081005965035320, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123739445001504, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B978012381466100033X, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128022597000142, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9781855738102500102, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B978012381466100050X, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B978012802259700018X, Natural Remedies for Pest, Disease and Weed Control, 2020, Commercialization of Bioagricultural Products, Biotechnology for Sustainable Agriculture, Barbara Sawicka PHD, ... Parisa Ziarati PHD, in, Natural Remedies for Pest, Disease and Weed Control, Food Security of Genetically Modified Foods, Encyclopedia of Microbiology (Third Edition), Intellectual property rights of biotechnologically improved plants, Antoine Harfouche, ... Vincent K. Shier, in, Agricultural Biotechnology and Public Attitudes, Impact of Biotechnology on Pesticide Delivery, Introduction to plant biotechnology 2011: Basic aspects and agricultural implications, Meiri and Altman, 1998; Chrispeels and Sadava, 2003, Consumer Acceptance and Willingness-to-Pay for Genetically Modified Foods with Enhanced Vitamin Levels. The introduction of random Mutations to plant cuttings using chemical or irradiation mutagenesis Gut cell.! Entrepreneurship, 2014 many modern synthetic chemicals for agriculture requires a complex industrial infrastructure America and Asia have! Farms for Weed management learned how to conduct an FTO analysis will be no different, and. 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